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Circular Business Model | Lafarge in Kenya - Cement ...

It offers industries, farming cooperatives and cities a unique and sustainable service that consists of recovering, reprocessing and recycling their waste (chemical waste, foundry sand, other industrial waste, waste, or rice husks) to turn them into alternative fuels for our kilns and raw materials for the cement production process.

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Manufactured Sand is the ideal solution for growing ...

Dec 10, 2019· The UN believes that sand and gravel, or aggregates, account for up to 85% of all mining activity around the world, measured in weight. A 2014 report by the UN confirms that, globally, more than 40 million tons of sand and gravel are extracted every year. Worldwide, the legal sand industry is worth $70bn, roughly equivalent to the GDP of Kenya.

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Manhole Covers, Frames and Grates, Cast Iron Foundries ...

EAST AFRICAN FOUNDRY WORKS (K) LTD., KENYA - grey iron and nodular iron castings - manhole covers and frames, storm water gulley gratings, road gratings, telecommunication covers, rail brakes, weights, gravity die or centrifugal bronze, brass and aluminium castings, service parts and components for the building, agricultural and mining ...

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Foundry sands for use in manufacturing, CDE Global

Foundry Sands. Foundry sand (also known as casting sand) consists primarily of clean, uniformly sized, high-quality silica sand that is bonded to form moulds for ferrous (iron and steel) and nonferrous (copper, aluminium, brass) metal castings. The most common casting process used in the foundry industry is the sand cast system.

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Profitably utilise & regenerate foundry residues • STEINERT

Recyclable foundry residues includes substantial proportions of slag from non-ferrous metallurgy and from stainless steel production. Slags are formed as waste or by-products of metallurgical smelting processes and are created from largely homogeneous smelts that consist of free or bonded oxides.

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RECLAIMING FOUNDRY WASTE GREEN SAND AND …

The wet reclamation of a waste foundry green sand or baghouse dust has been demonstrated with applied ultrasonics, cavitation, settling (UCS) and advanced oxidants (AO). This technique reclaims sand, clay and coal from waste green sand or a bag house dust system while operating at near ambient temperature. The research presented herein

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A Review on Utilization of Waste Foundry Sand and Bottom ...

Waste foundry sand (WFS) is sub-angular to round in shape. Green sands are black or grey, whereas chemically bonded sands are of a medium tan or off-white colour. The specific gravity of foundry sand varies between 2.39 and 2.79. Waste foundry sand has a low absorption capacity and is non-plastic.

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Use of waste foundry sand as a partial replacement to ...

Aug 01, 2020· 1. Introduction. Waste Foundry Sand, a waste product from ferrous and nonferrous metal casting industries, consists of high quality silica sand along with binders (Wang et al., 2020).These binders hold the sand together to maintain its shape when the molten metal is poured into the mold.

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WASTE FOUNDRY SAND IN CONCRETE

Johnson, C. K. "Phenols in Foundry Waste Sand," Modern Casting. January, 1981. 6. 6. Khatib J.M. and Ellis D. J."Mechanical Properties of Concrete Containing Foundry Sand.International Conference on Recent Advances in Concrete Technology."CANMET/ACI, 733-748- 2001. 7. Khatib J ...

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Using Foundry Waste Materials in Concrete for a More ...

Sep 04, 2020· the percent foundry waste recycled annually, however; the impact is still low. There are two limiting factors to these studies that affect the contributing of an increase in the amount of foundry waste recycled annually. These factors are that these studies only utilize one foundry waste product, such as slag or spent foundry sand [1,2].

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(PDF) DESIGN OF A PORTABLE FOUNDRY SAND MIXER | IJIREM ...

This preparation basically constitutes sieving and mixing of foundry sand. If the quality of the final casting is to be ensured, then appropriate sieving, even and uniform mixing of sand with bindles and water should be guaranteed among other considerable factors. Most of small scale foundry enterprises in Kenya mix foundry sand manually.

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STAFF EPORTAL - Technical University of Kenya

TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF KENYA: LECTURER: SEPT-2018 - TO-DATE: UNDERGROUND CONSTRUCTION LABORATORY-TAIWAN TECH: RESEARCH ASSISTANT: SEPT-2011 - SEPT-2012: MOTALENT CONSTRUCTION LIMITED: SITE ENGINEER: ... Replacement of Conventional Sand with waste Foundry Sand in Construction Concrete.

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[Environmental Toxicity of Waste Foundry Sand]

The concentrations of Fe in the leachates of iron and steel casting waste foundry sand exceeded the maximal allowable concentrations specified in the National Standard of Drinking Water Quality, whereas the As concentration in the leachate of aluminum casting waste foundry sand exceeded the standard. The five waste foundry sands had quite ...

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Team using plastic waste, foundry dust to form bricks for ...

Jun 23, 2020· Source: Rhino Machines Hoping to reduce the amount of plastic waste around the world, a company from India has developed bricks for the construction industry made from foundry waste and sand mixed with recovered plastic waste. India-based Rhino Machines has devised a mixture of 80% foundry waste and sand and 20% plastic waste that can form ...

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Characterization of Foundry Waste Sand Streams for ...

Mar 18, 2017· The local South African foundry industry discharges large volumes of waste sand each year, with estimates for silica and chromite sands of 250,000 and 25,000 tons, respectively. As a developing country, South Africa is moving toward a greener environment, so the management of industrial waste is an imperative area of study. In this work, we present the laboratory analysis results …

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Durability study of concrete using foundry waste sand

sand, Foundry waste sand, Basalt Aggregates and Water CASTING: Cube specimen of size 15cm×15cm×15cm were cast using the mix proportion given in Table1 as per IS:516-1959[10]. Table1: Finalized mix proportions for locally available sand, Weathered and Burnt Black sand …

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Foundry Sand Waste Management & Recycling Service | ERC of …

When foundry sand testing reveals the sand is spent, it is discarded. If the company does not have a foundry waste sand recycling plan in place, that old sand can end up in a landfill. ERC for Foundry Sand Recycling. As a waste management company that prides itself on sustainable waste disposal solutions, we take foundry sand recycling very ...

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Experimental study on silica sand using bottom ash on ...

Feb 24, 2021· Insa et al. found Medical waste was potentially dangerous since it may contain pathogenic agents. As a result, medical waste management requires that institutions take decisions, and implement a wide range of measures in order to reduce health risks . Rafat et al. found the effect of foundry sand and met kaolin on the near surface ...

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Metals in Waste Foundry Sands and an Evaluation of Their ...

3 Green sand PU coldbox, Novolac Gray iron, vermicular iron 1 day Engine block line; waste sand from bin 4 Green sand PU coldbox, Novolac Gray ir on, vermicular iron 1 week Sieved waste sand (2.5 mm); stored in silo for use in paver stone manufacturing B 5 Green sand PU coldbox Gray iron, vermicular ir on 1 day Foundry 1; sand from comingled ...

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Reuse of Chemically Bonded Waste Foundry Sand in ...

2.1.3 Foundry sand Waste foundry sand was obtained from foundry industries in Nairobi, namely East Africa Foundries Limited and Numerical Machining Complex. The sand was first sieved before use to eliminate any large metal particles. 2.1.4 Water Potable tap water was used for the concrete preparation and for curing of specimens. 2.1.5 Admixture

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Foundry Sands Recycling - US EPA

of the sand is continuously removed and replaced with sand. The spent foundry sand, that is, the sand that is removed, is either recycled in a non-foundry application or landfilled. Estimates are that less than 15 percent of the 6-10 million tons of spent foundry sands generated annually is recycled. The

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Waste Foundry Sand in Concrete Research Papers - Academia.edu

Foundry sand waste can be utilized for the preparation of concrete as a partial replacement of sand. The strength properties of M25 grade concrete are studied with different percentages of replacement of fine aggregates by foundry sand at 0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, and 50%. The optimum percentage of foundry sand replacement in the concrete ...

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Foundry Sand User Guidelines

Foundry sand consists primarily of silica sand (>80% silcon dioxide), coated with a thin film of burnt carbon and residual binder (Du et al 2002). Loss on ignition in foundry sand has been reported by the American Foundrymen's Association (1991) to be around 5%. Depending on the binder and type of metal being cast, the pH of foundry sand can

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Foundry Additives - Clariant Ltd.

Good fluidity and high elasticity of sand mold The chemically activated foundry bentonite GEKO™ deposits water molecules between the clay mineral layers, which have been expanded by the activation. It swells rapidly and thus has a good binding capacity to hold the casting mold's grains of sand.

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Innovative recycling of foundry waste | foundry-planet.com ...

Feb 07, 2020· Every day, large quantities of waste are generated in various foundry processes and in the post-processing or further treatment of metals. Cronimet Envirotec enables the return of foundry waste such as grinding sludges, mill scale, filter dust and metal powders to the production cycle.

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Waste foundry sand in concrete: A review - ScienceDirect

Dec 15, 2017· Waste foundry sand is one such alternative to regular sand, constituent of concrete. However, waste foundry sand is a lower quality material and has some adverse effects on concrete properties when used in high or complete replacement to sand, the majority of research studies showed that, yet it can be used to make structural concrete as well.

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STABILIZATION OF SUB GRADE SOIL BY USING FOUNDRY SAND WASTE

Once used sand should not be reused within the metal works, which termed as foundry sand. Foundry sand production is almost six to ten million tons annually in India. Like several waste products foundry sand has useful applications to different industries.There are two basic forms of foundry sand available, green sand (often named as molding ...

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Durability Study of Concrete using Foundry Waste Sand

In India, about 1.71 million tons of waste foundry is produced yearly. This experimental investigation was performed to consider the energy and sturdiness homes of M20 grades of concrete mixes, in which natural sand was once partial changed with waste foundry sand (WFS). Natural sand used to be changed with five percentage (0%, 5%, 10%, 15% and ...

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Omega Foundry Machinery and Simpson Technologies Enter ...

Sand is the largest foundry process waste, and in some instances can constitute up to 70% of total waste volume. Omega Foundry Machinery and Simpson Technologies have joined forces to help foundries realize the cost savings and technical advantages available from reclamation. Mark Fenyes, Chairman of Omega commented, "This agreement will ...

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Application of Waste Foundry Sand for Evolution of Low ...

Concrete contains waste foundry sand as a partial replacement of fine aggregate is tested. Concrete is composed of cement, coarse aggregate, fine aggregate, waste foundry sand and water. The waste foundry sand is replaced in the range of 0%, 20%, 40% and 60% by weight of fine aggregate. The mixture was prepared and three standard cubes

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